The Wisconsin Territory was created from the old Northwest Territory on July 3, 1836. Henry Dodge became its first governor. Today's Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and part of the Dakotas made up the Wisconsin Territory. Belmont was selected as the first Capital of the Wisconsin Territory. Madison was chosen as the permanent capital at the first legislator meeting in October 1836.
On May 29, 1848, Wisconsin became the 30th state in the Union. Nelson Dewey was Wisconsin's first governor, a Democrat. He served two terms, from 1848 to 1852.
Wisconsin State Capitol
Madison is the second site of the Wisconsin State Capitol. The first was in Belmont Wisconsin. Belmont was the capitol of the Wisconsin Territory. The first Capitol building was a unheated wood frame prefabricated building. In that building the first Legislators choose Madison as the site of the second and so far permanent Wisconsin State Capitol.
The first Madison Capitol building, second Wisconsin Capitol building was built in 1837 out of stone cut from Maple Bluff and local oak at a cost of $60,000.